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Pediatric Surgery Research


Support from the Kiwanis Foundation of New England has allowed us to maintain the Kiwanis Pediatric Trauma Institute, a part of the division of Pediatric Surgery, since 1981.  Through the Institute, innovative research of trauma-related diseases, such as closed-head injury and tissue engineering is being conducted.

Current research

Current research projects include:

  1. Acute metabolic response to injury in critically ill infants and children
  2. Intensive care nutritional resuscitation in critically ill infants and children
  3. Pediatric Trauma Imaging and Triage Strategies
  4. Effect of acute injury insult on long-term neurodevelopmental outcome in critically ill infants.

Benedict LA, Paulus JK, Rideout L, Chwals WJ. Are CT scans obtained at referring institutions justified prior to transfer to a pediatric trauma center? J Pediatr Surg. 2014 Jan;49(1):184-7; discussion 187-8.

Braun SV. Overuse and Stress Injuries: How can our elite athletes get injured without an injury?  Black and Blue Newsletter. 2014.

Roguski M,  Sweeney M,  Talan J, Rideout L, Riesenburger RI, Madan N, Hwang S. Magnetic resonance imaging as an alternative to computed tomography in select patients with traumatic brain injury: a retrospective comparison. (submitted J Neurosurgery: Pediatrics  3/2014)

Bonilla S, Flores A, Jackson CC, Chwals W, Orkin BA. Management of pediatric patients with refractory constipation who fail cecostomy.  J Ped Surg. 2013 Sep;48(9):1931-5.

Braun, SV. Concussions: The what’s, how’s, and when’s. Black and Blue Newsletter. 2013.

Chwals WJ. Early minimal enteral supplementation in severely burned children receiving parenteral nutrition. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2013;14:332-3 (Editorial).

Farrell MA,  Parrish K, Ziemer K, Scarlett WG, Parker S, Martin KJ, Ahmed MI. The effects of child life intervention on reducing pediatric patients’ anxiety and increasing cooperation in perioperative settings. Child Life Focus. 2013:31(2).

Henry M, Scarlata K, Riesenburger RI, Kryzanski J, Rideout L, Samdani A, Jea A, Hwang SW. Utility of STIR MRI in pediatric cervical spine clearance after trauma. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2013 Jul;12(1)30-36.

Henry M, Riesenburger RI, Kryzanski J, Jea A, Hwang SW. A retrospective comparison of CT and MRI in detecting pediatric cervical spine injury. Childs Nerv Sys. 2013 Aug;29(8):1333-1338.

Lampert R, Olshansky B, Heidbuchel H, Lawless C, Saarel E, Ackerman M, Calkins H, Estes NA, Link MS, Maron BJ, Marcus F, Scheinman M, Wilkoff BL, Zipes DP, Berul CI, Cheng A, Law I, Loomis M, Barth C, Brandt C, Dziura J, Li F, Cannom D. Safety of sports for athletes with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators: results of a prospective, multinational registry. Circulation. May 2013.

Mason KP, Zurakowski D, Zucker EJ, Tracy DA, Lee EY. Image Quality of Thoracic 64-MDCT Angiography: Imaging of infants and Young Children With or Without General Anesthesia. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013; 200:171-176.

McKeag H, Christian CW, Rubin D, Daymont C, Pollock AN, Wood J. Subdural hemorrhage in pediatric patients with enlargement of the subarachnoid spaces. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2013 April;11(4):438-444.

Tataryn Z, Botsford B, Riesenburger R, Kryzanski J, Hwang S. Spontaneous resolution of an acute epidural hematoma with normal intracranial pressure: case report and literature review. Childs Nerv Sys. 2013 Nov;29(11):2127-2130.

Zucker EJ, Tracy DA, Chwals WJ, Solky AC, Lee EY. Paediatric torsed extralobar sequestration containing calcification: Imaging findings with pathological correlation. Clin Radiol. 2013;68:94-7.

Fulkerson D, Hwang S, Patel AJ, Jea A. Open reduction and internal fixation for angulated, unstable odontoid synchondrosis fractures in children: a safe alternative to halo fixation? J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2012;9(1):35-41.

Hryhorczuk AL, Mannix RC, Taylor GA. Pediatric Abdominal Pain: Use of imaging in the emergency department in the United States from 1999-2007. Radiology. 2012 Jun; 263:778-85.

Hwang SW, Gressot L, Rangel-Castilla L, Whitehead WE, Curry DJ, Bollo RJ, Luerssen TG, Jea A. Outcomes of instrumented fusion in the pediatric cervical spine. J Neurosurg Spine. 2012;17(5):397-409.

Hwang SW, Gressot L, Chern JJ, Relya K, Jea A. Complications of occipital screw placement for occipitocervical fusion in children. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2012;9(6):586-93.

Link MS, Estes NA 3rd. Sudden cardiac death in the athlete: bridging the gaps between evidence, policy, and practice. Circulation. 2012 May 22;125(20):2511-2516.

Schneiderman JU, Hurlburt MS, Leslie LK, Zhang J, Horwitz SM. Child, caregiver, and family characteristics associated with emergency department use by children who remain at home after a child protective services investigation. Child Abuse Negl. 2012 Jan;36(1):4-11.

Dau N, Cavanaugh J, Bir C, Link M. Evaluation of injury criteria for the prediction of commotion cordis from lacrosse ball impacts. Stapp Car Crash J. 2011 Nov;55:251-279.

Lee EY, Tse SK, Zurakowski D, Johnson V, Lee NJ, Tracy DA, Boiselle PM. Children Suspected of Having Pulmonary Embolism: Multidetector CT Pulmonary Angiography – Thromboembolic Risk Factors and Implications for Appropriate Use. Radiology. 2012 Jan:262(1):242-251.

Lee EY, Zucker E, Tsai J, Tracy DA, Cleveland R, Zurakowski D, Boiselle PM. Pulmonary MDCT Angiography: Value of Multiplanar Reformatted Images in Detecting Pulmonary Embolism in Children. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011:197(6):1460-1465.

Maron BJ, Ahluwalia A, Hass TS, Semsarian C, Link M, Estes NA 3rd. Global epidemiology and demographics of commotio cordis. Heart Rhythm. 2011; 8:1969-1971.

Sege R, Flaherty E, Jones R, Price LL, Harris D, Slora E, Abney D, Wasserman R; Child Abuse Recognition and Experience Study (CARES) Study Team. To Report or Not to Report: Examination of the Initial Primary Care Management of Suspicious Childhood Injuries. Acad Pediatr. 2011 Aug;11(6):460-466.


Benedict LA, Paulus JK, Rideout L, Chwals WJ. Are CT scans obtained at referring institutions justified prior to transfer to a pediatric trauma center? Presented at the American Pediatric Surgical Association National Meeting: Marco Island, FL, 2013.

Chiu B, Pilichowska M, Bhadani S, Charest A. The development of orthotopic injection xenograft mouse model of neuroblastoma provides evidence for the presence of tumor initiating cells. Presented at the 8th Annual Academic Surgical Congress: New Orleans, 2013.

Kantekure K, Kerur, Jackson CC, and Garcia-Moliner ML. Retrospective review of unusual pathology in pediatric appendectomy specimens. Presented at the College of American Pathologist’s Annual Meeting: Orlando, 2013.

Nabzdyk CS, Chiu B, Jackson CC, Chwals WJ. Management of patients with combined tracheoesophageal fistula, esophageal atresia, and duodenal atresia. Poster presentation, Pacific Association of Pediatric Surgeons 46th Annual Meeting: Hunter Valley, New South Wales, Australia, 2013.

Jackson CC. Is this Appendicitis? – Work-up of abdominal pain in children. Pediatric Hospitalist Medicine Division Meeting: Tufts Medical Center at Tufts Medical Center; Boston, MA:October 24, 2013

Jackson CC. Is this Appendicitis? – Work-up of abdominal pain in children. Update in Pediatrics: Lowell General Hospital; Lowell, MA: October 1, 2013

Jackson CC. Review of Pediatric Trauma.  Department of Surgery Grand Rounds: Lawrence General Hospital; Lawrence, MA:  June 20, 2012.

Jackson CC. Review of Pediatric Trauma.  Brockton Hospital EMS Conference; Brockton, MA: December 6, 2011.

Jackson CC. A Review of Pediatric Trauma. Department of Surgery Grand Rounds: Tufts Medical Center; Boston, MA: December 1, 2011.

Jackson CC. Pediatric Surgical Emergencies.  Department of Pediatrics Resident Lectures; Tufts Medical Center – Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA: September 1, 2011.

Jackson CC. Necrotizing Enterocolitis: Challenges in Management.  Department of Pediatrics Grand Rounds, Tufts Medical Center – Tufts Medical Center; Boston, MA: March 16, 2011.


Walter J. Chwals, MD, FACS, FAAP, FCCM

Title(s): Chief of Pediatric Surgery; Pediatric Surgeon-in-Chief; Director, Kiwanis Pediatric Trauma Institute; Professor, Tufts University School of Medicine
Department(s): Surgery, Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Trauma
Appt. Phone: 617.636.5025
Fax #: 617.636.8122

Pediatric surgery, pediatric trauma, congenital disorders requiring surgery in newborns, GI inflammatory diseases in children, pediatric tumors (surgical oncology), nutrition in post-surgical neonates, pediatric obesity and minimally invasive surgery

Artur Chernoguz, MD

Title(s): Pediatric Surgeon; Assistant Professor, Tufts University School of Medicine
Department(s): Surgery, Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Trauma
Appt. Phone: 617.636.5025
Fax #: 617.636.8122

Adolescent Bariatric Surgery, Neonatal surgery, Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO), minimally invasive surgery, congenial diaphragmatic hernia, congenital anorectal malformations, thoracic surgery, Hirschsprung's disease, congenital abdominal wall deformities

Carl-Christian A. Jackson, MD

Title(s): Pediatric Surgeon; Assistant Professor, Tufts University School of Medicine
Department(s): Surgery, Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Trauma
Appt. Phone: 617-636-5025
Fax #: 617-626-8122

Pediatric surgery, pediatric trauma, minimally invasive surgery, congenital chest wall deformities, neonatal surgery

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